Monday, June 16, 2014

Basics of Piping Calculations

The piping system of this tannery waste water treatment plant used stainless steel, austhenitic 18Cr, 8Ni type of tube as its material of construction. This type of material has a maximum allowable stress of 75,000 psi. The pressure inside the tube of waste water experiences 100psi. The assumed pressure is 100 psi. To get the schedule number of the said tube,

Since the calculated value of schedule number is less than forty, then schedule 40 type of tube will be used.

Since the Di calculated is 0.627967922 ft, the from Appendix C-6 of Foust the NPS is 0.75 in.

Schedule Number
Do, in
t, in
Di, in
NPS, in

In the piping system design calculation, the equation below is used because the equation is for incompressible fluid like tannery waste water.

Refer to the tables of this appendix to compute for the pump power requirement between two or more equipment.

The velocity of the tannery waste water entering the next equipment can be solved as shown below,

The kinetic energy exhibited by the tannery waste water is calculated as shown. The compressibility factor, alpha is determined using the Reynolds number.

Given the calculated Reynolds number, from Fig. 20-2 page 543 of Foust, locate the value of alpha. The alpha is equal to 0.87. 

The potential energy of the tannery waste water is calculated as well as shown.

The pressure involved in the specified location in different equipment can be calculated using the hydrostatic pressure formula since the waste water is mostly composed of water.

f is a function of Reynolds number and E/D. From Appendix C-1 page 540 of Foust, at Di=0.824in E/D=0.00056. From Appendix C-3 page 544 of Foust with Nre=253119.9664 and E/D=0.00056, f=0.02.

The length of the pipe used involves the straight pipes, fittings and valves.

For the Lstraight pipe,

For Lfittings, one fitting between the two equipment is needed. The fitting chosen is the 90 standard elbow. 

For Lvalve, one fitting between the two equipment is needed. The valve used is the globe valve conventional with wings or pin guided disk fully open. Refer to Appendix C-2a page 542 for the literature value.

Now, the friction factor can be calculated as shown.

Power requirement of the pump that will be used to deliver the waste water from one equipment to another can now be calculated as shown below.

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  1. HI ..



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