Thursday, June 4, 2015

Dictionary of Engineering (2nd Edition)

Dictionary of Engineering (2nd Edition)

Fields and Their Scope

building construction — The technology of assembling materials into a structure, especially one designated for occupancy.

chemical engineering — A branch of engineering which involves the design and operation of chemical plants.

civil engineering — The planning, design, construction, and maintenance of fixed structures and ground facilities for industry, for transportation, for use and control of water, for occupancy, and for harbor facilities.

control systems — The study of those systems in which one or more outputs are forced to change in a desired manner as time progresses.
design engineering — The branch of engineering concerned with the design of a product or facility according to generally accepted uniform standards and procedures, such as the specification of a linear dimension, or a manufacturing practice, such as the consistent use of a particular size of screw to fasten covers.

electricity — The science of physical phenomena involving electric charges and their effects when at rest and when in motion.

electronics — The technological area involving the manipulation of voltages and electric currents through the use of various devices for the purpose of performing some useful action with the currents and voltages; this field is generally divided into analog electronics, in which the signals to be manipulated take the form of continuous currents or voltages, and digital electronics, in which signals are represented by a finite set of states.

engineering — The science by which the properties of matter and the sources of power in nature are made useful to humans in structures, machines, and products.

engineering acoustics — The field of acoustics that deals with the production, detection, and control of sound by electrical devices, including the study, design, and construction of such things as microphones, loudspeakers, sound recorders and reproducers, and public address sytems.

industrial engineering — A branch of engineering dealing with the design, development, and implementation of integrated systems of humans, machines, and information resources to provide products and services.

mechanical engineering — The branch of engineering concerned with energy conversion, mechanics, and mechanisms and devices for diverse applications, ranging from automotive parts through nanomachines.

mechanics — The branch of physics which seeks to formulate general rules for predicting the behavior of a physical system under the influence of any type of interaction with its environment.

systems engineering — The branch of engineering dealing with the design of a complex interconnection of many elements (a system) to maximize an agreed upon measure of system performance.

thermodynamics — The branch of physics which seeks to derive, from a few basic postulates, relations between properties of substances, especially those which are affected by changes in temperature, and a description of the conversion of energy from one form to another.

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