Monday, November 30, 2015

Mechanical Design of Process Systems-Vol 1 by A.Keith Escoe (Piping & Pressure Vessels)

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This book's purpose is to show how to apply mechanical engineering concepts to process system design. Process systems are common to a wide variety of industries including petrochemical processing, food and pharmaceutical manufacturing, power generation (including cogeneration), ship building, and even the aerospace industry. The book is based on years of proven, successful practice, and almost all of the examples described are from process systems now in operation.

While practicality is probably its key asset, this first volume contains a unique collection ofvaluable information, such as velocity head data; comparison ofthe flexibility and stiffness methods of pipe stress analyses; analysis of heat transfer through pipe supports and vessel skirts; a comprehensive method on the design of horizontal vessel saddles as well as a method to determine when wear plates are required; detailed static and dynamic methods of tower design considering wind gusts, vortex-induced vibration and seismic analysis of towers; and a comparative synopsis of the various national wind cooes.

Topics include.d in the text are considered to be those typically encountered in engineering practice. Therefore, because most mechanical systems involve single phase flow, two-phase flow is not covered. Because of its ubiquitous coverage in the literature, flange design is also excluded in this presentation. Since all of the major pressure vessel codes thoroughly discuss and illustrate the phenomenon of external pressure, this subject is only mentioned briefly.

This book is not intended to be a substitute or a replacement of any accepted code or standard. The reader is strongly encouraged to consult and be knowledgeable of any accepted standard or code that may govern. It is felt that this book is a valuable supplement to any standard or code used.

The book is slanted toward the practices of the ASME vessel and piping codes. In one area of vessel design the British Standard is favored because it nrovides excellent technical information on Zick rings. The book is written to be useful regardless of which code or standard is used.

The intent is not to be heavily prejudiced toward any standard, but to discuss the issue-engineering. If one feels that a certain standard or code should be mentioned, please keep in mind that there are others who may be using different standards and it is impossible to discuss all of them.

The reader's academic level is assumed to be a bachelor of science degree in mechanical engineering, but engineers with bachelor of science degrees in civil, chemical, electrical, or other engineering disciplines should have little difficulty with the book, provided, of course, that they have received adequate academic training or experience.

Junior or senior undergraduate engineering students should find the book a useful introduction to the application of mechanical engineering to process systems. Professors should find the book a helpful reference (and a source for potential exam problems), as well as a practical textbook for junior-, senior-, or graduate level courses in the mechanical, civil, or chemical engineering fields. The book can also be used to supplement an introductory level textbook.

The French philosopher Voltaire once said, "Common sense is not very common," and unfortunately, this is sometimes the case in engineering. Common sense is often the by-product of experience, and while both are essential to sound engineering practice, neither can be learned from books alone. It is one ofthis book's eoats to unite these three elements of "book learning," common sense, and experience to give the novice a better grasp of engineering principles and procedures, and serve as a
practical design reference for the veteran engineer.

Finally, I wish to thank Dr. John J. McKetta, professor of chemical engineering at the University of Texas at Austin, who had many helpful comments, suggestions, and words of encouragement. I also wish to thank other engineering faculty members at the University of Texas at Austin for their comments. I must exDress thanks to Larry D. Briggs for reviewing some calculations in Chapter 4; and last, but certainly not least, I wish to express gratitude to William J. Lowe and Timothy W. Calk
of Gulf Publishing Company, whose hard work and patience made this book possible.

Table of Contents:

Chapter 1
Piping Fluid Mechanics ........... 1
Basic Equations, I
Non-Newtonian Fluids, 5
Velocity Heads, 8
Pipe Flow Geometries, 22
Comoressible Flow. 25
Piping Fluid Mechanics Problem Formulation, 25
Example 1-1: Friction Pressure Drop for a Hydrocarbon Gas-Steam Mixture in a Pipe, 27
Example 1-2: Frictional Ptessure Drop for a Hot Oil System of a Process Thnk, 33
Example 1-3: Friction Pressure Drop for a Waste Heat Recovery System, 42
Example 1-4: Pressure Drop in Relief Valve Piping System, 43
Notation, 45
References, 45
Chapter 2
The Engineering Mechanics of Piping .,...47
Piping Criteria, 47
Primary and Secondary Stresses, 49

Allowable stress Range for Secondary Stresses.

Flexibility and Stiffness of Piping Systems, 52

Stiffness Method Advantages. Flexibility

Method Advantages.

Stiffness Method and Large Piping, 58
Flexibility Method of Piping Mechanics. Pipe


PiD- e Restraints and Anchors. 68

Pipe Lug Supports. Spfing Supports. Expansion Joints. Pre-stressed Piping.

Fluid Forces Exerted on Piping Systems, 81
Extraneous Piping Loads, 83
Example 2-l: Applying the Stiffness Method to a Modular Skid-Mounted Gas Liquefaction Facility,88
Example 2-2: Applying the Flexibility Method to a Steam Turbine Exhaust Line, 95
Example 2-3: Flexibility Analysis for Hot Oil Piping,96
Example 2-42 Lug Design, 98
Example 2-5: Relief Valve Piping System, 99
Example 2-61 Wind-Induced Vibrations of Piping, 100
Notation, 101
References, 101
Chapter 3
Heat Transfer in Piping and Equipment ... 103
Jacketed Pipe versus Traced Pipe, 103
Tracing Piping Systems, 106

Traced Piping without Heat Tmnsfer Cement.

Traced Piping with Heat Transfer Cement.

Condensate Return. Jacketed Pipe. Vessel and

Equipment Traced Systems.
Heat Transfer in Residual Systems, 132

Heat Transfer through Cylindrical Shells. Residual Heat Transfer through Pipe Shoes.

Example 3-1: Steam Tracing Design, 136
Example 3-2: Hot Oil Tracing Design, 137
Example 3-3: Jacketed Pipe Design, 139
Example 3-4: Thermal Evaluation of a Process Thnk, 140
Example 3-5: Thermal Design of a Process Tank, 142

Internal Baffle Plates Film Coefficient. Film

Coefficient External to Baffles-Forced

Convection. Heat Duty of Internal Vessel

Plates. Outside Heat Transfer Jacket Plates.
Heat Duty of Jacket Plates Clamped to Bottom
Vessel Head. Total Heat Duty of Tank.

Example 3-6: Transient and Static Heat Transfer Design, 148

Static Heat Transfer Analysis. Total Heat

Removal. Water Required for Cooling.

Transient Hear Transfer Analysis.

Example 3-7: Heat Transfer through Vessel Skirts, 152
Example 3-E: Residual Heat Transfer, 154
Example 3-9: Heat Transfer through Pipe Shoe, 156
Notation, 156
References, 157

Chapter 4
The Engineering Mechanics of Pressure
Vessels ... . ..... 159
Designing for Internal Pressure, 159
Designing for External Pressure, 160
Design of Horizontal Pressure Vessels, 166

Longitudinal Bending Stresses. Location of Saddle Supports. Wear Plate Design. Zick

Stiffening Rings.

Steel Saddle Plate Design, 174
Saddle Bearing Plate Thickness, 180
Design of Self-Supported Vertical Vessels, 180
Minimum Shell Thickness Reouired for Combined Loads, 181
Support Skirt Design, 183
Anchor Bolts, 184
Base Plate Thickness Design, 186
Compression Ring and Gusset Plate Design, 189
Anchor Bolt Torque, 189
Whd Aralysis of Towers, 190
Wind Design Speeds. Wind-Induced Moments.
Wind-Induced Deflections of Towers. l ind-Induced Vibrations on Tall Towers.
Ovaling. Criteda for Vibration Analysis.
Seismic Design of Tall Towers, 209
Vertical Distribution of Shear Forces.
Tower Shell Discontinuities and Conical Sections, 1t i
Exanple 4-l: Wear Plate Requirement Analysis, 215
Example 12: Mechanical Design of Process Column. 215

Section moments of Inertial tower Section

Stress Calcularions. Skirt and Base Plate

Design- Section Centroids. Vortex-Induced

vibrarion. Equivalent Diameter Approach
versus - ANSI A58.1- 1982.

Example 4-3: Seismic Analysis of a Vertical Tower, 237
Example 44: Vibration Analysis for Tower with Large Vortex-Induced Displacements, 241

Moments of Inertia. Wind Deflections.

Example 4-5: Saddle Plate Analysis of a Horizontal Vessel, 249
Saddle Plate Buckling Analysis. Horizontal Reaction Force on Saddle.

Fiberglass Reinforced Piping Systems Guide

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Fiber Glass Systems’(FGS) fiberglass reinforced epoxy and vinyl ester resin piping systems possess excellent corrosion resistance and a combination of mechanical and physical properties that offer many advantages over traditional piping systems. Fiber Glass Systems is recognized worldwide as a
leading supplier of piping systems for a wide range of chemical and industrial applications.

This manual is provided as a reference resource for some of the specific properties of FGS piping systems. It is not intended to be a substitute for sound engineering practices as normally employed by professional design engineers. 

Fiber Glass Systems has an international network of distributors and trained field personnel to advise on proper installation techniques. It is recommended they be consulted for assistance when installing FGS piping systems. This not only enhances the integrity of the piping system, but also increases the efficiency and economy of the installation.

Table of Contents


Piping System Selection

SECTION 1 — Flow Properties

Preliminary Pipe Sizing

Detailed Pipe Sizing
A. Liquid Flow
B. Loss in Pipe Fittings
C. Open Channel Flow
D. Gas Flow
SECTION 2 — Above Ground System Design Using

Supports, Anchors & Guides

Piping Support Design
A. Support Bracket Design
B. Typical Guide Design
C. Anchor Design
D. Piping Support Span Design
SECTION 3 — Temperature Effects

System Design 

Thermal Properties and Characteristics 

Fundamental Thermal Analysis Formulas
A. Thermal Expansion and Contraction
B. Anchor Restraint Load
C. Guide Spacing 
Flexibility Analysis and Design
A. Directional Change Design
B. Expansion Loop Design
C. Expansion Joint Design
D. Heat Tracing
E. Thermal Conductivity
F. Thermal Expansion in Buried Pipe
G. Pipe Torque due to Thermal Expansion 
SECTION 4 — Pipe Burial 

Pipe Flexibility

Burial Analysis
A. Soil Types
B. Soil Modulus
Trench Excavation and Preparation
A. Trench Size
B. Trench Construction
C. Maximum Burial Depth
D. Roadway Crossing
Bedding and Backfill
A. Trench Bottom
B. Backfill Materials
C. Backfill Cover
D. High Water Table 
SECTION 5 — Other Considerations 
A. Abrasive Fluids
B. Low Temperature Applications
C. Pipe Passing Through Walls or
Concrete Structures
D. Pipe Bending
E. Static Electricity
F. Steam Cleaning
G. Thrust Blocks
H. Vacuum Service
I. Valves
J. Vibration
K. Fluid (Water) Hammer
L. Ultraviolet (U.V.) Radiation and Weathering
M. Fungal, Bacterial, and Rodent Resistance
SECTION 6 — Specifications and Approvals 
A. Compliance with National Specifications
B. Approvals, Listings, and Compliance with Regulations 

Appendix A Useful Formulas 

Appendix B Conversions

  • Table 1.0 Typical Applications 
  • Table 1.1 Flow Resistance K Values for Fittings
  • Table 1.2 Typical Liquid Properties
  • Table 1.3 Typical Gas Properties
  • Table 2.0 Minimum Support Width
  • Table 2.1 Saddle Length
  • Table 4.0 Recommended Bedding and Backfill
  • Table 4.1 Nominal Trench Widths
  • Table 6.0 ASTM 2310 Classification
  • Table 6.1 Classifying Fiberglass Flanges to ASTM D4024
  • Table 6.2 Classifying Fiberglass Pipe Using ASTM D2310 and Specifying Pipe Using ASTM D2996 and D2997

Wednesday, November 18, 2015

Selection and Limitations of Piping Components

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Selection and Limitations of Piping Components


  • Pipes and Fittings
  • Comments on selection and Limitations of Components
  • Piping Joints
  • Fabrication, Assembly and Erection of Process Plant Piping
  • Examination , Inspection and Testing

Pipe and Fittings

Furnace lap weld ferrous pipe, furnace butt-weld ferrous pipe, spiral-weld ferrous pipe, and fusion-welded steel pipe (made to ASTM A134, A53, Type F, API 5L furnace butt welded and A211) are not permitted for hydrocarbons or other flammable fluids within process unit limits or for hazardous fluids in any location. Non-ferrous pipe made by similar manufacturing process is similarly restricted.

The use of bell-and-spigot fittings is limited to water and drainage service. Also, pipe couplings made of cast, malleable, or wrought iron are not permitted for flammable fluids within process limits or hazardous fluids in any area. In addition, they cannot be used for flammable fluids outside process unit limits at design temperatures above 300°F or design pressures above 400 psig.

Comments on Selection and Limitations of Components

There are many Code mandated restrictions for the use of fittings, bends, intersections, and valves which are not universally applicable to all process plant services, and such components are not easily codified. Some guides, however, are of value to the designer and are listed:

  • Welding fittings are usually preferred to flanged fittings, not only for economic reasons but because the potential for leakage is reduced.
  • Pipe bends are preferred to butt welding elbows for reciprocating compressor suction and discharge piping, vapour relief-valve discharge piping, and piping conveying corrosive fluids (such as acid where turbulence in a fitting may cause excessive corrosion).
  • Bends or dead end tees should be used for piping which conveys pulverized abrasive solids suspended in gas in the dilute phase. Dead end tees (so arranged that the flow will impinge against the dead end) have a longer life than bends in abrasive service and should be used if the system can be designed to accommodate the resulting increase in pressure drop.
  • Bends should be used for dense phase flow of pulverized abrasive solids and for all piping which handles either pulverized or granular solids suspended in liquids or granular solids suspended in gases.
  • If the flow is through a branch into a header (or run pipe) in a piping system which transports pulverized abrasive solids suspended in gas in the dilute phase, a dead end cross (so arranged that the flow will impinge against the dead end) should be used.
  • In services with very high corrosion rates, butt welding fittings with the same inside diameter (ID) as the attached pipe (if not the same, consider taper boring the component with the smaller ID) are preferred to threaded and socket welding fittings.
  • Threaded cast iron fittings should not be used in pressurized process and utility piping.
  • Threaded plugs are preferred to pipe caps for threaded end closures to reduce dead end corrosion problems.
  • In most process plants, internal corrosion is a greater problem than external corrosion. Consequently, it is common practice that all 3/4 in and larger steel and cast iron (and all 2 1/2 in and larger brass) gate, globe, and angle valves (located above grade) be of the outside screw and yoke type.
Read more in embedded PDF:

Friday, October 16, 2015

[XLS] Download Process, Piping, Instrumentation, Mechanical, Drilling and Civil Design Spreadsheets

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Here a big list of spreadsheets available for download from Piping, Process, Instrumentation, Mechanical, Drilling and Civil.

Beam and Pipe Spreadsheets:

  3. header_&_Piping_sizing.xls
  4. piping_design_info.xls
  6. POLIN TIPO-A.xls
  7. POLIN TIPO-B.xls
  8. Prontuario del Acero.xls
  10. Steel_Pipe_Dimens.xls
  11. stress_tables.xls
  12. Tablas Varias.xls
  13. Useful_Piping_&_Structural_Data.xls

Civil Engineering Spreadsheets

  1. Bar Schedule 8666.xlt
  2. Daniel-Conventional Slabs.xls
  3. Daniel-Pile Caps.xls
  4. Daniel-Tank Footing.xls
  5. Daniel-Wind-ASCE7-05.xls
  6. Daniel-Wind-IR16-7.xls
  7. Steel Beam.xls
  8. Tank Size Calculator.xls
  9. Wind Design.xls

Thursday, October 1, 2015

Download PDS Equipment Modelling Training Guide

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Download PDS Equipment Modelling Training Guide

Table of Contents

  • Terminology and Conventions
  • Course Overview
1.1 Rules for Orientation Tee
1.2 Suggestions for Screen Management
1.3 Setting Up
1.4 Orienting the Placement Tee
1.5 Moving the Placement Tee

2. Basic Equipment Manipulation Exercises
2.1 Setting Up
2.2 Creating Equipment Using Primitives
2.3 Identifying and Manipulating Equipment

3.1 Setting Up
3.2 Creating Components Using Primitives
3.3 Manipulating Components

4. Parametrics Exercises
4.1 Setting Up
4.2 Creating Equipment Using Parametrics
4.3 Creating Components Using Parametrics
4.4 Manipulating Parametrics

5. Nozzle Manipulation Exercise
5.1 Setting Up
5.2 Placing Nozzles
5.3 Parametrics
5.4 Manipulating Nozzles

6.1 Setting Up
6.2 Using the Mirror Copy Command
6.3 Using the Rotate Command
6.4 Using User-Projected Shapes
6.5 Using Fence Manipu fations
6.6 Using Review/Revise

7. Lab Exercises
7 .1 Lab
7.1.1. Horizontal Vessel 38V-101
7.1.2 Reboiler 38E-102
7.1.3 Fractionating Tower 38TW-102
7 .1.4 Place the Nozzle

7 .2 Lab 2
7.2.1 Horizontal Pumps 38P-101A and 38P-101 B
7.2.2 Heat Exchangers
7 .2.3 Fractionating Tower Detail 38TW-102

Course Overview

• Familiarity with the use of Intergraph hardware.
• Basic knowledge of MicroStation 3-D.
• Drafting experience.

Course Description

This course addresses the creation of a 3-0 equipment model usin g the PDS equipment modeling software. Upon completion of this course you should be able to:

  • Create an equipment model using basic shapes (primitives).
  • Create an equipment model using parametrics.
  • Manipulate equipment model's components.
  • Manipulate equipment models .
Course Organization

This course is organized in a series of lectures that are supported by a laboratory exercise at the end of each lecture. Commands are explained in order of importance rather than as they appear in their group. For descriptions of commands in sequential order ref er to the PDS Equipme nt Modeling Reference Guide (DEA5017).

Monday, September 28, 2015

Download PDS Piping Design Training Workbook

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Download PDS Piping Design Training Workbook

Table of Contents

1. Getting Started

1.1 Setting up Workstation Environment
1.2 Reference Model Exercise
1.3 PDS Rules for Better Living

2. Component Placement

2.1 Place Component Exercise
2.2 Connect to Design Exercises
2.3 Point in Space Exercises
2.4 Place Pipe Exercise
2.5 Labs
1. Place components
2. Identification of components, segments, and equipment
3. Active Segment Data

3.1 Active Segment Data Exercise
3.2 Updating the Active Segment Data Exercise

4. Basic Sketching

4.1 Review Nozzle Exercise
4.2 Sketch Exercise
4.3 Slope On/Off Exercise
4 .4 Alive Slope Exercise
4.5 Move Piping Segment Vertex
4.6 Delete Piping Segment Vertex Exercise
4. 7 Insert Piping Segment Vertex Exercise
4.8 Attribute Break Exercise
4.9 Connect Segments Exercise
4. 10 Revise Segment Data Exercise
4.11 Revise Attribute Exercise
4.12 Auto Placement Exercise
4.13 Delete Piping Exercise
4.14 Delete Component Exercise
4.15 Labs
1. Fitting to Fitting and Sketch
2. Sketch and Construct Point
3. Sketching between Nozzles
4. Sketching from Lab 3.5.1 
5. Advanced Sketching

5.1 Distance and Direction Exercise
5.2 Extend or Shorten Pipe Run Exercise
5.3 Create Bypass Exercise
5.4 Intersect to Branch Exercise
5.5 Intersect Sloped Pipe Run Exercise
5.6 Intersect by Angles Exercise
5. 7 Intersect Plane Exercise
5.8 Skewed Intersection Exercise
5.9 Branch on Pipe Run Exercise
5.10 Create Branch through Sketch Exercises
5.11 Labs
1. Sketching pipeline DOW0102-XIN-2C0032-N
2. Sketching pipeline DOW0101-XIN-2C0032-N
3. Sketching pipeline DOW0103-XIN-2C0032-N
6. Specialty Placement

6. 1 Piping Assembly Exercise
6.2 Piping Specialty Exercise
6.3 Instrument Exercise
6.4 Commodity Options Exercise
6.5 Commodity Override Exercise
6.6 Place Logical Support Exercise
6.7 Place Physical Pipe Support Exercise
6.8 Labs
1. Adding Valves to DOW0103-41N-2C0032-N
2. Adding flanges and tees using bend to tee type to DOW0103-41N-2C0032-N
3. Adding Valves to DOW0103-41N-2C0032-N
4. Sketching pipeline MMA0105-XIN-2C0032-N
7. Component Revision

7.1 Rotate Component Exercise
7.2 Tap Component Exercise
7.3 Revise Tap Exercises
7 A Reconstruct Component Exercises
7.5 Add Chain Wheel Exercise
7.6 Add to Valve Exercises
7. 7 Revise Pipe Exercise
7.8 Move Piping Assembly Exercises
7.9 Delete Piping Assembly Exercises
7.10 Move Pipe Support Exercise
7.11 Copy Pipe Support Exercise
7.12 Labs
1. Placing valve assembly to DOW0102-61N-2C0032-N
2. Continue MMA010561N-2C0032-N
8. Model Revision
8.1 Copy Piping Exercise
8.2 Rotate Piping Exercise
8.3 Copy and Rotate Piping Exercise
8.4 Mirror Piping Exercise
8.5 Copy and Mirror Piping Exercise
8.6 Move Piping Exercise
8.7 Move Pipe Run Exercises
8.8 Move Pipeline End Exercise
8.9 Replace Piping Exercise
8.10 Lab
1. Continuation of MMA0105-XIN-2C0032-N
9. Diagnostics

9.1 Labs
1. Highlight Piping on Segment
2. Com pare Segments
3. Verify Data Integrity of Model
4. Venfy Nozzle at Pipeline End
5. Review Attribute Linkage
6. Measure Distance
7. Review Commodity Data and Tables
8. Review COG and Weights
10. Attribute Data

10. 1 Review Attributes Exercises
10.2 Load Weld Numbers Exercise
10.3 Revise Weld Type Exercises
10.4 Component Group Exercises
10.5 Approve Piping Exercise
10.6 Lab
1. Sketching/Place MMA0107-XIN-2C0032-N
11. Miscellaneous PDS Commands

11. 1 Review Category Exercise
11.2 Saved Model View Exercise
11.3 Temporary Symbology Exercises
11.4 Window to Named Item Exercises
11.5 Lab
1. Temporary Symbology
2.Creating a Saved View
12. Design Checker

12.1 Design Checker Exercise
12.2 Design Checker Review Exercise
12.3 Labs
1. Run Design Checker
2. Printing design checker .de file
3. Reviewing Design Checker graphically
13. Isometric Extraction

13. 1 Isometric Extraction
13. 1.1 Review ISO Drawings Exercise
13.2 Labs
1. Generating Isometrics
2. Isometric Drawing Limits

Tuesday, September 22, 2015

Solidworks Piping and Training Manual

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Solidworks Piping and Training Manual

Piping Basics

  • Activating SolidWorks Piping 
  • Specifying Piping Options 
Required Features of Piping Parts 
  • Pipes 
  • Route Points 
  • Connection Points
  • Elbows 
  • Flanges 
  • Reducers 
  • Concentric Reducers 
  • Eccentric Reducers 
  • Other Fittings and Parts
  • Intersections
Creating a Piping Sub-Assembly 
  • Creating a Route 
Editing a Piping Sub-Assembly
  • Adding Fittings 
  • Manually Adding a Fitting 
  • Alternative Method for Adding Fittings 
Custom Pipe Configurations
Custom Elbow Fittings 
  • Review of Basics 
Part Naming of Sub- Assemblies
Tees, Flanges, and Standard Elbows
  • Introduction
  • Naming the Route Assembly 
  • Adding More Pipe
  • Adding a Tee 
  • Butting Standard Parts Together
  • Adding a Butterfly Valve and Flanges 
  • Adding a Victaulic (or flex) Coupling
  • Groove Cut Pipe Ends
  • Adding a Concentric Reducer
  • Adding Other Mated Flanges to the Route Assembly
Non-standard Elbows
  • Introduction
  • Adding a Custom Elbow
  • Looking at the Custom Elbow 
  • Breaking Up the Route
  • Changing an Elbow
  • Adding a Standard 45 Degree Elbow
  • Adding a Reducing Elbow
  • Adding an Eccentric Reducer
  • Butting Elbows Together
Non-Standard Pipe Connections
  • Introduction
  • Pipe to Pipe Penetration 
  • Creating an Offset Pipe Penetration (or Stub-in) 
  • Adding a Coupling 
  • Adding a Mounting Bracket
  • Creating a Custom Mount 
  • Forming Sub-Assemblies
  • Adding Parts After Sub-Assemblies are Formed
  • Adding Another Route Assembly
Routing Tubing
  • Introduction
Auto Mate
  • Introduction

SolidWorks Piping product brings the timesaving performance of SolidWorks to the task of designing piping systems. Built-in capability includes the ability to assemble piping networks built of standard content (from SolidWorks, fitting vendors or other suppliers) along with customer-developed content.

SolidWorks Piping was developed to be able to design systems requiring a wide range of piping technologies including butt-welded, socket connected, flanged, and thread-connected systems. In all cases, the fundamental capabilities of SolidWorks are maintained — including building on the 3D sketcher and the power of configurations to drive variations on the necessary fittings and parts. In fact, SolidWorks Piping only adds two more toolbar icons to the standard assortment provided by SolidWorks.

This guide provides detailed examples for developing pipe routes constructed of welded pipe and tubing components. These examples are included on the CD that accompanies this book. A piping sub-assembly is always a top-level assembly component.

When you insert certain components into an assembly, a piping subassembly is created for you automatically. Unlike other types of subassemblies, you do not create a piping assembly in its own window, and then insert it as a component in the higher-level assembly.

You model the path of the pipe by creating a 3D sketch of the pipe centerline. The software uses the centerline definition to generate the pipe and elbow components for the route.

The software makes extensive use of design tables to create and modify the configurations of piping components. The configurations are distinguished by different dimensions and properties.

A pipe part contains a configuration for each type and size of raw stock. As you create and edit the route, a new configuration is generated automatically for each unique cut length of the selected stock. The configurations are saved in a new pipe part; the original pipe part in the library folder is not changed.

Where there are bends in the path, elbows are added automatically. You specify a default elbow fitting to be used at each bend in the route. You can add various types of fittings to the route, such as flanges, tees, reducers, and so forth.

Sunday, September 20, 2015

Samsung Piping Design Manual of Tankyard Piping

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Samsung Piping Design Manual of Tankyard Piping

Table of Contents

1. General Page
1.1 Purpose
1.2 Scope
1.3 Reference

2. Type of Tank
2.1 Classification by Shape of Tank
2.2 Classification by Installing Method of Tank

3. Arrangement Plan
3.1 Tank
3.2 Dike
3.3 Pipe Rack and Sleeper
3.4 Pump Station
3.5 Stair Way
3.6 Drainage

4. Tankyard Piping
4.1 Process and Utility Piping
4.2 Fire Extinguishing Piping

5. Tank Nozzle Orientation
5.1 Cylindrical Tank
5.2 Spherical Tank
5.3 Horizontal Tank

6. Revision History

This Manual has its purpose on increasing efficiency for piping design of tankyard in a plant designed by SECL and providing uniformity.

Samsung Vessel & Drum Piping Design Standard

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Samsung Vessel & Drum Piping Design Standard

Table of Contents

1. General
1.1 Purpose
1.2 Scope
1.3 Reference
1.4 Terms and Definition

2. DRUM & VESSEL Summary
2.1 DRUM Type
2.2 DRUM & VESSEL Type
2.3 DRUM & VESSEL Arrangement
2.4 DRUM & VESSEL Installation
2.6 VESSEL Piping Design Standard

3.1 REACTOR Arrangement
3.3 REACTOR Piping Design Standard

4.1 Orientation



7.1 General

8. HORIZONTAL VESSEL Design Standard
8.1 General

9. Revision History


Ⅰ : Vessel Orientation - Elevation
Ⅱ : Platform with Manhole In Traffic Pattern
Ⅲ : Step Off Platform
Ⅳ : First or Grade Plan Platform
Ⅴ : Platform with Manhole in Traffic Pattern
Ⅵ : Top Head Platform
Ⅶ : Horizontal Vessel Layout - General Arrangement
(Elevation within Structure)
Ⅷ : Horizontal Vessel Layout - General Arrangement (Plan)
Ⅸ : Horizontal Vessel Layout - General Arrangement (End Typical Elevation)
Ⅹ : Horizontal Vessel Layout - General Arrangement (Elevation at Grade)
ⅩⅠ : Access Requirements for Vessels
ⅩⅡ : Minimum Ladder Clearances
ⅩⅢ : Layout - Minimum Platform Width Requirements for Manholes
ⅩⅣ : Platform Layout Guide
ⅩⅤ : Platform - Nozzle Clearances and Projections
ⅩⅥ : Platform Opening - Banding
ⅩⅦ : Davits
ⅩⅧ : Skirt Height and Opening
ⅩⅨ : Simplified Method of Drawing 2:1 Semi - Elliptical Head

This Manual is to enhance efficiency and systemize Drum, Vessel, and Piping Design around general Reactor in Plan to be designed by SECL.

Samsung Piping Design Standard around Fired Heater

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Samsung Piping Design Standard around Fired Heater

Table of Contents

1. General
1.1 Purpose
1.2 Scope
1.3 Reference
1.4 Terms and Definition

2. Heater General
2.1 Heater Type
2.2 Heater Major Components
3. Heater Layout

3.1 General 
3.2 Arrangement Height
3.3 Maintenance Area
3.4 Operation Space
3.5 Structure & Platform
3.6 Steam Drum
3.7 Crossover & Jump-over

4. Piping Layout
4.1 Process Piping
4.2 Burner Piping
4.3 Snuffing Piping
4.4 Soot Blower Piping

5. Notice in Drafting
5.1 Stress Analysis
5.2 Information to be Handled

6. Revision History 

Ⅰ. Process Pipings
Ⅱ. Burner Pipings
Ⅲ. Stiffener Ring Size

This Manual aims to enhance the efficiency and standardize the Piping Design around Heater (or Direct Fired Heater, Furnace, Reformer, etc, Heater) of Chemistry, Oil, and Oil Refinery to design by SECL.


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